In Poland, Introduction is the beginning of Christmas Time. It’s a time when people attempt to be serene and remember the genuine reason for Christmas. Individuals try not to have excess of anything. Some individuals quit their preferred foods or drinks and parties and discos are not commonly held. Some individuals also go to Church rather regularly. There is the tradition of the ‘roraty’, special masses (or communion services) held at dawn and devoted to Mary for receiving fortunately from the angel Gabriel.
During Arrival, individuals likewise prepare their houses for Christmas. There’s great deals of cleansing and people clean their windows and clean their carpets extremely thoroughly. Whatever needs to be tidy for Christmas day!
Arrival Calendars are likewise popular. some individuals like to make calendars for their families, so they are more individual.
St Nicholas’ Day is celebrated on the sixth December. Children hope that they will get a little present from St Nicholas (Święty Mikołaj) frequently left in a shoe or near a fireplace. They might also get presents on Christmas Eve.
Prior to Christmas, children in schools and preschools take part in “Jasełka” (Nativity Plays). They are very popular and frequently more secular than religious. The Christmas story is likewise at some point put into contemporary times.
The odor of tangerines in schools or workplaces is extensively believed to mean that Christmas time is about to begin!
Poland is a mostly catholic nation and Christmas Eve is a really important and hectic day. It’s now often the most crucial day over Christmas – even though it’s not a vacation but Christmas and the 26th December are holidays! Typically it was day of fasting and abstaining (not consuming anything) and meat is not typically permitted to be eaten in any type.
Christmas Eve is known as Wigilia (noticable vee-GHEE-lee-uh). Generally, the house is also cleaned and everyone used their best festive clothing. The main Christmas meal is eaten at night and is called “Kolacja wigilijna” (Christmas Eve dinner). It’s traditional that no food is consumed (or often the first present opened) till the first star is seen in the sky! So kids take a look at the night sky to find the very first star! Looking for the first star is likewise a tip of the Wisemen who followed a star to go to Jesus.
On the table there are 12 dishes – they are meant to give you all the best for the next 12 months. The meal is typically meat free, this is to keep in mind the animals who took take of the baby Jesus in the manger. Everybody needs to consume or a minimum of attempt some of each dish. For catholics the 12 dishes represent Jesus’s 12 disciples. Like in many Catholic countries, Christmas Eve is typically a ‘fasting day’ implying that some individuals do not eat anything until after sundown (when the Church day formally ends). Some individuals in central Poland say that at midnight the animals can talk (but I do not believe that’s likely)!
Among the most crucial meals is” barszcz “(beetroot soup )and it’s obligatory to have it. If you really dislike it, you can eat mushroom soup instead! The barszcz may be eaten with “uszka” (little dumplings with mushrooms) or “krokiety” (pancakes with mushrooms or/and cabbage, in breadcrumbs, fried on oil or butter).
Carp is typically the main course of the meal. The fish itself is typically purchased a few days previously alive and it swims in the bath until it’s eliminated by the girl of the house! Now the majority of people just buy a fillet of carp rather (particularly if you just have a shower and not a bath in your house!). The carp’s scales are said to bring luck and fortune and by some are kept for the entire year (e.g. in wallets). Generally, some older women put them in their bras for the time of the dinner and provide next day to the guest for good luck!!!
“Bigos” is a meal which can be consumed either hot or cold. It’s made of cabbage, bacon, sometimes dried plums – so it is conserved for Christmas day or the 26th as it has meat in it. It is made about a week approximately prior to Christmas Eve, since with every day it improves.
Herrings are popular and usually are served is a number of ways: in oil, in cream, in jelly. Each household has their own dish that say is ‘the very best in the entire broad world’!
In most houses there is likewise “kompot z suszu” that is drink made by boiling dried fruits and fresh apples.
The most popular desserts at Kolacja wigilijna are “makowiec”, a poppy seed roll made from sweet yeast bread, “kutia” blended dried fruits and nuts with wheat seeds, “piernik” a damp cake made with honey (that resembles gingerbread) and gingerbreads (which are normally dry and extremely difficult).
At the beginning of the meal, a big wafer biscuit called an ‘Oplatek’, which has a photo of Mary, Joseph and Jesus on it, is passed around the table and everyone breaks a piece off and eats it and says a Christmas greeting. Often a little piece may be provided to any farm animals or animals that the family may have. An empty place is typically left at the meal table, for an unforeseen guest ‘Niespodziewany Gość’. Polish individuals state that nobody should be alone or starving, for that reason if somebody unexpectedly knocks on the door they are welcomed. In some homes, the empty place is to honor a dead relative or for a family member who could not concern the meal.
In some cases straw is put on the floor of the space, or under the table fabric, to remind people that Jesus was born in a steady or cow shed.
The worst part about the Christmas Eve supper is that you can’t open the presents prior to it has actually completed! Older members of the family (who generally begin and end this meal) constantly make it last a very long time. In many houses, before the presents are opened, the family sings carols together. Kids really want to open the present and often more carols are sung simply to tease the children!
There are many carols sung in Poland and each region has own carols. The most popular ones are “Wśród nocnej ciszy” (Within nights silence), “Bóg się rodzi” (God is born), “Lulajże Jezuniu” (Sleep infant Jesus) and “Dzisiaj w Betlejem” (Today in Bethlehem). The earliest carols are from middle ages times, however the most popular ones are from the baroque period.
Presents are brought by “Święty Mikołaj” (St Nicholas/Santa Claus), but in some parts of Poland there are different present bringers (because during the 19th century the borders of Poland were different, so people had various customs).
In the east (Podlaskie) there is “Dziadek Mróz” (Ded Moroz/Grandfather Frost), in parts of western and northern Poland there’s “Gwiazdor”, the Starman. The starman is not always all-good – if somebody was bad, he might provide him “rózga”, a birch-stick! In the Śląskie and Małopolskie regions in the south of Poland it might be “Dzieciątko” (the Baby Jesus), and in southern areas of Poland it might be “Aniołek” (Little Angel) or “Gwiazdka” (Little Star)!
tree decorations, via Wikimedia Commons The Christmas tree is likewise often bought in and decorated on Christmas Eve. It is decorated with a star on the top (to represent the Star of Bethlehem), gingerbreads, lights (formerly candles) and “bombki” which are baubles and glass ornaments in various shapes (though usually they are spheres). They are generally hand-made, painted or embellished in other way. In the east of Poland the decorations are typically made of straw and are very gorgeous. In some parts of Poland tress will also have a synthetic spider’s web as a decoration due to the fact that of the story of The Christmas Spider. In some homes there is also a custom of breaking one of the Christmas Tree decorations (e.g. breaking a glass bauble) to terrify the evil out of the house for the entire next year!
Christmas Eve is completed by going to Church for a Midnight Mass service.
A very popular film to watch in Poland over Christmas in ‘House Alone’! In Poland it’s called ‘Kevin Sam w Domu’ which indicates ‘Kevin Alone in your home’. In 2010 it wasn’t going to be revealed, but numerous individuals complained that it was put back on TELEVISION!
The days after Christmas are often invested with family and friends.
Individuals in Poland likewise like kissing under the mistletoe!
.?.!! In Polish Happy/Merry Christmas is ‘Wesołych Świąt’. Happy/Merry Christmas in lots more languages.
Polish Kids also frequently get dressed up and go carol singing on Epiphany, January 6th.